This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: April-19

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


65-The freedman -Milichus betrayed Pisonian conspiracy|Piso's plot to kill the Roman Emperor|Emperor Nero and all the List of conspiracies (political)|conspirators are arrested.

531- Battle of Callinicum -A Byzantine Empire|Byzantine army under Belisarius is defeated by the Sassanid Empire|Persian at Ar-Raqqah (northern Syria).

1012- Martyrdom -of Ælfheah of Canterbury|Ælfheah in Greenwich, London.

1529-Beginning of the Protestant Reformation -After the Second Diet of Speyer bans Lutheranism, a group of rulers (''German language|German:'' Fürst) and independent cities (''German language|German:'' Reichsstadt) Protestation at Speyer|protests the reinstatement of the Edict of Worms.

1539-Charles V and Protestants signs Treaty of Frankfurt (1539)|Treaty of Frankfurt -

1677-The French army Siege of Cambrai (1677)|captures the town of Cambrai -held by Spanish troops.

1713-With no living male heir -, Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, issues the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 to ensure that Habsburg lands and the Habsburg Monarchy|Austrian throne would be inherited by his daughter, Maria Theresa of Austria (not actually born until 1717).

1770- Captain James Cook -sights the eastern coast of what is now Australia.

1770- Marie Antoinette -marries Louis XVI in a proxy marriage|proxy wedding.

1775- American Revolutionary War -The war begins with an American victory in Concord during the battles of Lexington and Concord.

1782- John Adams -secures the Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government. The house which he had purchased in The Hague, Netherlands becomes the first Diplomatic missions of the United States|American embassy.

1809-An Austria -corps is defeated by the forces of the Duchy of Warsaw in the Battle of Raszyn (1809)|Battle of Raszyn, part of the struggles of the Fifth Coalition. On the same day the Austrian main army is defeated by a First French Empire Corps led by Louis-Nicolas Davout at the Battle of Teugen-Hausen in Bavaria, part of a four-day campaign that ended in a French victory.

1810- Venezuela -achieves home rule: Vicente Emparan, Governor of the Captaincy General is removed by the people of Caracas and a :wiktionary:junta|junta is installed.

1839-The Treaty of London (1839)|Treaty of London -establishes Belgium as a kingdom and guaranteeing its neutrality.

1855-Visit of Napoleon III -to Guildhall, London

1861- American Civil War -Baltimore riot of 1861: A pro-Secession in the United States#Confederate States of America|Secession mob in Baltimore, Maryland, attacks United States Army troops marching through the city.

1892- Charles Duryea -claims to have driven the first automobile in the United States, in Springfield, Massachusetts.

1897- Léo Taxil -exposes his own Taxil hoax|fabrications concerning Freemasonry

1903-The Kishinev pogrom -in Kishinev (Bessarabia) begins, forcing tens of thousands of Jews to later seek refuge in Palestine and the Western world.

1919- Leslie Irvin (parachutist)|Leslie Irvin -of the United States makes the first successful voluntary free-fall parachute jump using a new kind of self-contained parachute.

1927- Mae West -is sentenced to ten days in jail for obscenity for her play ''Sex (play)|Sex''.

1928-The 125th and final fascicle of the '' Oxford English Dictionary -' is published.

1942- World War II -In Poland, the Majdan-Tatarski ghetto is established, situated between the Lublin Ghetto and a Majdanek subcamp.

1943-World War II: In Poland, the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising -begins, after Nazi Germany|German troops enter the Warsaw ghetto to round up the remaining Jews.

1948- Burma -joins the United Nations.

1950- Argentina -becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires Convention|Buenos Aires copyright treaty.

1951-General Douglas MacArthur -retires from the military.

1954-The Constituent Assembly of Pakistan -recognises Urdu and Bengali language|Bengali as the national languages of Pakistan.

1956-Actress Grace Kelly -marries Rainier III, Prince of Monaco|Prince Rainier of Monaco.

1960-Students in South Korea -hold April Revolution|a nationwide pro-democracy protest against president of South Korea|president Syngman Rhee, eventually forcing him to resign.

1971- Sierra Leone -becomes a republic, and Siaka Stevens the List of Presidents of Sierra Leone|president.

1971- Vietnam War -Vietnam Veterans Against the War begin a Vietnam Veterans Against the War#Dewey Canyon III - Washington.2C D.C..2C April 1971|five-day demonstration in Washington, D.C..

1971-Launch of Salyut 1 -the first space station.

1971- Charles Manson -is sentenced to death (later commuted life imprisonment) for conspiracy (crime)|conspiracy to commit the Sharon Tate|Tate/Leno and Rosemary LaBianca|LaBianca murders.

1973-The Portuguese Socialist Party (Portugal)|Socialist Party -is founded in the German town of Bad Münstereifel.

1975- India -s first satellite, ''Aryabhata (satellite)|Aryabhata'', is launched.

1984-'' Advance Australia Fair -' is proclaimed as Australia's national anthem, and green and gold as the National colours of Australia|national colours.

1985-FBI siege on the compound of The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord -(CSAL) in Arkansas.

1985- Soviet Union|U.S.S.R -performs nuclear weapon|nuclear tests at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalatinsk.

1987-'' The Simpsons -' premieres as a short cartoon on ''The Tracey Ullman Show''.

1989-A gun turret -USS Iowa turret explosion|explodes on the {{USS|Iowa|BB-61|6}}, killing 47 sailors.

1993-The 51-day Waco Siege|siege -of the Branch Davidian building outside Waco, Texas, United States|USA, ends when a fire breaks out. Eighty-one people die.

1993-South Dakota governor George Mickelson -and seven others are killed when a state-owned aircraft crashes in Iowa.

1995- Oklahoma City bombing -The Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma|Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States|USA, is bombed, killing 168.

1997-The Red River Flood of 1997 -overwhelms the city of Grand Forks, North Dakota. Fire breaks out and spreads in downtown Grand Forks, but high water levels hamper efforts to reach the fire, leading to the destruction of 11 buildings.

1999-The Germany|German -Bundestag returns to Berlin, the first German parliamentary body to meet there since the Reichstag (Weimar Republic)|Reichstag was dissolved in 1933.

2011- Fidel Castro -resigns from the Communist Party of Cuba's Communist Party of Cuba#Structure|central committee after 45 years of holding the title.

2013- Boston Marathon bombings -suspect Tamerlan Tsarnaev is killed in a shootout with police. His brother Dzhokhar Tsarnaev is captured while hiding in a boat inside a backyard in Watertown, Massachusetts.